FUND 3.9

Waldhoff, S., D. Anthoff, S. Rose and R. S. J. Tol (2014). The Marginal Damage Costs of Different Greenhouse Gases: An Application of FUND. Economics: The Open-Access, Open Assessment E-Journal 8(2014-31).

FUND 3.8

Anthoff, D. and R.S.J. Tol (2014), The income elasticity of the impact of climate change, in Tiezzi, S. and C. Martini (eds.) Is the Environment a Luxury? An inquiry into the relationship between environment and income, Routledge, pp. 34-47.

FUND 3.7

Ceronsky, M., D. Anthoff, C. Hepburn and R.S.J. Tol (2011), Checking the price tag on catastrophe: The social cost of carbon under non-linear climate response, ESRI working Paper 392.

FUND 3.6

Anthoff, D. and R.S.J. Tol (2012), Schelling’s Conjecture on Climate and Development: A Test, in R. W. Hahn and A. Ulph (eds), Climate Change and Common Sense. Essays in Honour of Tom Schelling, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press: 260-273. [Working paper link]
Anthoff, D. and R.S.J. Tol (2014), Climate policy under fat-tailed risk: An application of FUND. Annals of Operations Research 220(1): 223-237. ESRI Working Paper 348.

FUND 3.5

Anthoff, D. and R.S.J. Tol (2012), Climate damages in the FUND model: A comment. Ecological Economics 81: 42.
Anthoff, D, S. Rose, R.S.J. Tol and S. Waldhoff (2011). Regional and sectoral estimates of the social cost of carbon: An application of FUND. ESRI Working Paper 375.
Anthoff, D., S. Rose, R.S.J. Tol and S. Waldhoff (2011), The Time Evolution of the Social Cost Of Carbon: An Application of FUND, ESRI Working Paper 405.
Narita, D., R. S. J. Tol and D. Anthoff (2010). Economic costs of extratropical storms under climate change: an application of FUND. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 53(3): 371-384. ESRI Working Paper 274.
Tol, R.S.J. (2009), Climate Feedbacks on the Terrestrial Biosphere and the Economics of Climate Policy: An Application of FUND, ESRI Working Paper 288.

FUND 3.4

Anthoff, D., R.S.J. Tol and G.W. Yohe (2009). Discounting for Climate Change. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal 3(2009-24).

FUND 3.3

Anthoff, D., R. S. J. Tol and G. W. Yohe (2009). Risk aversion, time preference, and the social cost of carbon. Environmental Research Letters 4(024002).

FUND 3.2

Anthoff, D. and R. S. J. Tol (2009). The Impact of Climate Change on the Balanced Growth Equivalent: An Application of FUND. Environmental and Resource Economics 43(3): 351-367. ESRI Working Paper 288

FUND 2.9

Anthoff, D., C.J. Hepburn and R.S.J. Tol (2009), Equity Weighing and the Marginal Damage Costs of Climate Change, Ecological Economics 68: 836-849. FNU Working Paper 121.

FUND 2.8n

Nicholls, R.J., R.S.J. Tol and A.T. Vafeidis (2008), Global Estimates of the Impact of a Collapse of the West-Antarctic Ice Sheet, Climatic Change, 91:171-191. FNU Working Paper 78.
Tol, R.S.J. (2007), The Double Trade-off between Adaptation and Mitigation for Sea Level Rise: An Application of FUND, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 741-753. FNU Working Paper 48.

FUND 2.8

Guo, J.K., C.J. Hepburn, R.S.J. Tol and D. Anthoff (2006), ‘Discounting and the Social Cost of Carbon: A Closer Look at Uncertainty’, Environmental Science and Policy, 9, 205-216.
Link, P.M. and R.S.J. Tol (2004), ‘Possible Economic Impacts of a Shutdown of the Thermohaline Circulation: An Application of FUND’, Portuguese Economic Journal, 3, 99-114.

FUND 2.7

Tol, R.S.J. (2006), 'Exchange Rates and Climate Change: An Application of FUND', Climatic Change, 75, 59-80.
Tol, R.S.J. (2006), 'Multi-Gas Emission Reduction for Climate Change Policy: An Application of FUND', Energy Journal (Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Climate Change Policy Special Issue), 235-250.

FUND 2.6

Tol, R.S.J. (2008), 'Climate, Development, and Malaria: An Application of FUND', Climatic Change, 88 (1), 21-34.

FUND 2.4

Tol, R.S.J. (2005), ‘Emission Abatement versus Development as Strategies to Reduce Vulnerability to Climate Change: An Application of FUND’, Environment and Development Economics, 10, 615-629.

FUND 2.3

Tol, R.S.J. (2005), ‘An Emission Intensity Protocol for Climate Change: An Application of FUND’, Climate Policy, 4, 269-287. download

FUND 2.2

Tol, R.S.J. (2001), A Collapse of the Thermohaline Circulation and its Impacts on Africa, National Academy of Sciences Committee on Abrupt Climate Change and the Yale/NBER Program on International Environmental Economic Workshop on Economic and Ecological Impacts of Abrupt Climate Change, Washington, D.C., March 22-23.
Tol, R.S.J. (2001), Economic Implications of a Collapse of the Thermohaline Circulation, Integration project meeting, Postdam, September 19-20.

FUND 2.1

Kemfert, C. and R.S.J. Tol (2001), ‘Equity, International Trade and Climate Policy’, in D. Heinen, S. Hoch, T. Krafft, C. Moss, P. Scheidt and A. Welschhoff (eds.), Contributions of Global Change Research, pp. 105-121, German National Committee on Global Change Research, Bonn.
Kemfert, C. and R.S.J. Tol (2002), ‘Equity, International Trade and Climate Policy’, International Environmental Agreements, 2,23-48.

FUND 2.0

Darwin, R.F. and R.S.J. Tol (2001), ‘Estimates of the Economic Effects of Sea Level Rise’, Environmental and Resource Economics, 19 (2), 113-129.
Tol, R.S.J.(2002), ‘New Estimates of the Damage Costs of Climate Change, Part I: Benchmark Estimates’, Environmental and Resource Economics, 21 (1), 47-73.
Tol, R.S.J. (2002), ‘New Estimates of the Damage Costs of Climate Change, Part II: Dynamic Estimates’, Environmental and Resource Economics, 21 (2), 135-160.
Tol, R.S.J.(2003), ‘Is the Uncertainty about ClimateChange Too Large for Expected Cost-Benefit Analysis?’, ClimaticChange, 56 (3), 265-289.
Tol, R.S.J. and H. Dowlatabadi (2001), ‘Vector-borne Diseases, Climate Change, and Economic Growth’, Integrated Assessment, 2, 173-181.

FUND 1.9

Tol, R.S.J. (2000), ‘Equitable Cost-Benefit Analysis of Climate ChangePolicy’ in: C. Carraro (ed.) Efficiency and Equity of Climate Change Policy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 273-290.
Tol, R.S.J. (2001), ‘Equitable Cost-Benefit Analysis of Climate Change’, Ecological Economics, 36 (1), 71-85.
Tol, R.S.J. (2002), ‘Welfare Specification and Optimal Control of Climate Change: An Application of FUND’, Energy Economics, 24 (2), 367-376.

FUND 1.8

Tol,R.S.J. (1999), ‘Time Discounting and Optimal Control of Climate Change: An Application of FUND’, Climatic Change, 41 (3-4), 351-362.

FUND 1.7

Tol, R.S.J., R.J. Heintz and P.E.M. Lammers (2003),‘Methane Emission Reduction: An Application of FUND’, ClimaticChange, 57 (1-2), 71-98.

FUND 1.6

Hourcade, J.-C., M. Haduong, A. Gruebler and R.S.J. Tol (2001), 'INASUD Project Findings on Integrated Assessment of Climate Policies', Integrated Assessment, 2 (1), 31-35.
Tol, R.S.J. (1995), ‘The Damage Costs of Climate Change -- Towards More Comprehensive Calculations’, Environmental and Resource Economics, 5, 353-374.
Tol, R.S.J. (1996), ‘The Damage Costs of Climate Change: Towards a Dynamic Representation’, Ecological Economics, 19, 67-90.
Tol, R.S.J. (1997), ‘The Climate Framework for Uncertainty, Negotiation and Distribution’ in: O.K. Cameron, K. Fukuwatari and T. Morita (eds.), Climate Change and Integrated Assessment Models:Bridging the Gaps -- Proceedings of the IPCC Asia-Pacific Workshop onIntegrated Assessment Models, Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, 591-593.
Tol, R.S.J. (1998), ‘On the Difference in Impact between Two Almost Identical Climate Scenarios’, Energy Policy, 26 (1),13-20.
Tol, R.S.J. (1999), ‘The Marginal Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions’, The Energy Journal, 20 (1),61-81.
Tol, R.S.J. (1999), ‘Kyoto, Efficiency, and Cost-Effectiveness: Applications of FUND’, Energy Journal Special Issue on the Costs of the KyotoProtocol: A Multi-Model Evaluation, 130-156.
Tol, R.S.J. (1999), ‘Spatial and Temporal Efficiency in Climate Policy: Applications of FUND’, Environmentaland Resource Economics, 14 (1), 33-49.
Tol, R.S.J. (1999), ‘Safe Policies in an Uncertain Climate: An Application of FUND’, Global EnvironmentalChange, 9, 221-232.

FUND 1.5

Tol, R.S.J. (1997), ‘On the Optimal Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions -- An Application of FUND’, Environmental Modelling and Assessment, 2, 151-163.
Tol, R.S.J. (1996), ‘The Climate Framework for Uncertainty, Negotiation and Distribution’ in: K.A. Miller and R.K. Parkin (eds.), An Institute on the Economics of the Climate Resource, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, pp. 471-496.
Tol, R.S.J. (2001), ‘Climate Coalitions in an Integrated Assessment Model’, Computational Economics, 18,159-172.

The following papers are hard to find, but crucial for understanding FUND.

Downing, T. E., Eyre, N., Greener, R., & Blackwell, D. 1996, Projected Costs of Climate Change for Two Reference Scenarios and Fossil Fuel Cycles, Environmental Change Unit, Oxford.
Downing, T. E., Eyre, N., Greener, R., & Blackwell, D. 1996, Full Fuel Cycle Study: Evaluation of the Global Warming Externality for Fossil Fuel Cycles with and without CO2 Abatament and for Two Reference Scenarios, Environmental Change Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford.